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Published on November 1, 2023

7 Steps to Choosing the Perfect Piano for You

Choosing the perfect piano can be an exciting yet confusing process for beginners. With so many options available in terms of brand, size, type, features, and price range, it’s easy to feel overwhelmed during the search. However, finding your ideal piano does not have to be a stressful experience if you take the time to clearly define your needs and conduct thorough research.

Step 1: Determine Your Budget 

Starting your quest to find the ideal piano, it’s crucial to set a clear budget that matches your financial comfort level. Grasping your budget limitations will aid in narrowing your options and guaranteeing a knowledgeable choice. The spectrum of piano prices is varied, ranging from a humble few hundred dollars for a simple second-hand upright piano to a substantial amount surpassing $100,000 for top-tier grand pianos, celebrated for their outstanding artistry and exquisite sound excellence.

Furthermore, the realm of music has progressed with the introduction of digital technology, providing a range of choices for individuals contemplating digital keyboards and pianos. Costs in the digital domain also display notable differences, with economical basic models starting at under $500 and more advanced, feature-packed instruments reaching several thousand dollars at the upper end of the range. Thoughtful examination of your budget will be a crucial initial stage in your quest for the ideal piano or keyboard to match your musical goals.

Consider the upfront cost when setting your budget and additional expenses like tuning and maintenance. Acoustic pianos, especially older used models, require more regular care and upkeep than digital models. When deciding your price ceiling, consider these potential long-term costs. Setting a clear budget will give you a realistic framework to start your shopping process.

Step 2: Choose Between Acoustic, Digital or Hybrid

Now that you know your budget, decide whether you want an acoustic, digital, or hybrid piano. 

Acoustic pianos produce sound from strings struck by hammers. They offer a rich, nuanced sound and realistic essential action, but they’re expensive, heavy, and require regular tuning.

Digital pianos use sampled or digitally reproduced sounds. They are more affordable, lighter, and don’t require tuning. However, the keys and sound tend to be less realistic than on an acoustic. 

Hybrid pianos combine the technology of digital pianos with the hammer action and soundboard of an acoustic. This provides excellent sound and feel, but hybrids are pricier than digitals. For beginners, the Lumi digital piano is an excellent low-cost option that doesn’t sacrifice quality or essential features. Playing piano with Lumi’s guided curriculum is super easy.

Step 3: Consider the Size

The space available in your home or studio is crucial when selecting the right piano. Grand pianos are magnificent instruments, but their large size requires ample room. Upright pianos have a more compact design that fits well into smaller areas.

Digital pianos come in varying dimensions, offering a flexible and space-saving option. Carefully measure where to place the piano and think about moving logistics. Grands and uprights are produced in a range of sizes. Larger grands generate richer tones but need more square footage. Smaller uprights squeeze into tight spots yet have a narrower tonal range. Consider the piano room dimensions and test different models to find one whose size and sound you enjoy. 

Step 4: Try Before You Buy

When selecting a piano, a test drive is invaluable. For acoustic pianos, visit dealers and play various models to experience the touch and tone firsthand. These qualities are highly personal, so try instruments from different brands until one clicks.

Focus on the key weight, responsiveness, and overall sound character. If considering a digital piano, test different versions to find the most natural, comfortable keyboard action and convincing audio. Never buy a piano untested, especially in its intended home location. Visit local sellers to try pianos in your budget. Notice how the keys feel and respond, along with qualities like pedaling, sound projection, and general playability.

Narrow top contenders, then consult an expert pianist for a second opinion. If buying used, have a technician thoroughly examine it beforehand. In-person trial is critical to finding the right piano match.

Step 5: Consider Your Skill Level and Goals

Your playing abilities and musical aspirations should factor into your decision. Advanced players need the nuanced control and full 88 keys of an acoustic grand. Beginners will be well served by an affordable upright or digital.

If you plan to play primarily classical music, prioritize touch sensitivity and dynamic range. You may want a model with built-in rhythms and synthesizer sounds for jazz and pop. 

6. Assess Condition Carefully

For used pianos, meticulously inspecting condition is crucial, as the instrument’s wear directly impacts playability and potential repair costs. Bring a technician to examine the internal mechanisms like strings, hammers, keys etc. Check for cracked or warped parts, rust, and infestations. Examine the soundboard for cracks or unusual bulging, which affect tone quality. Test all keys for sluggishness, sticking, or rattling which signals issues. Evaluate pedals and foot pedals for responsiveness.

Step 7: Carefully Read Warranties

Closely inspect warranties before purchasing. Acoustic pianos should have at least a 5-year warranty on parts and labor. Digitals often have 1-3 year warranties. Know what’s covered if repairs are needed, along with exclusions. Extended warranties can provide added peace of mind.


Choosing a piano is an exciting milestone, whether you’re a novice or a seasoned musician. By determining your budget, space, and needs, and then visiting dealers to try out top models in person, you’ll be well on your way to finding the ideal piano companion. 

Carefully weighing all these factors will lead you to the perfect instrument to enjoy and explore music for years to come. With your new piano, you’ll be fully equipped to progress in your musical journey.

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